Bio-inspired swimming and flying – Vortex dynamics and fluid/structure interaction
Habilitation à diriger des recherches, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 2014.
The present document, prepared in view of obtaining the Habilitation à diriger des recherches, reviews my main research subject at PMMH since 2006, which concerns the study of swimming and flying inspired by nature. Canonical examples of flapping flight and undulatory swimming are explored using simplified experimental models as a starting point. This allows for the discussion of some fundamental questions related to the physics of bio-inspired locomotion at “intermediate” Reynolds numbers. In particular, we address the strong fluid-structure interactions that arise in these problems, where we have focused on: simplified models of flapping foils in hydrodynamic tunnel experiments, especially in the dynamics of vorticity in the wake of an oscillating foil ; mechanical models of flapping flyers with flexible wings in a self-propelled configuration (in the spirit of the pioneer experiments of Etienne-Jules Marey), as well as novel experimental models of undulatory swimming.
Jury for the HDR defence on December 16th, 2014 at 14:00, Amphi Joliot, ESPCI:
Frédéric Boyer (École de Mines de Nantes)
Jérôme Casas (Université de Tours)
Matthias Heil (University of Manchester)
Maurice Rossi (Université Pierre et Marie Curie)
Lionel Schouveiler (Université Aix-Marseille)
Geoffrey Spedding (University of Southern California)